UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS)
COPUOS (The Committee on Peaceful use of Outer Space) was set up by the UN General Assembly in 1959 to address space use and research issues and to prepare draft agreements and resolutions. The Committee meets once each year in Vienna. The legal subcommittee and scientific and technical subcommittee operate under the auspice of the Committee. The Committee currently comprises 102 Member States. Finland was approved as a member of the Committee at the UN General Assembly in autumn 2018.
UN instruments on outer space (Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Space Liability Convention, Registration Convention, Moon Agreement) were prepare within COPUOS in the 1960s and 1970s. It has since proved very difficult to reach a consensus on new agreements or amendments to agreements. The current development in space law is largely based on non-legally binding resolutions and guidelines drawn up by the Committee and other international cooperation bodies, which Member States can incorporate into their national legislation. In summer 2019, the Committee approved the Guidelines for the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.
The UN Office for Outer Space Affairs promotes international cooperation in space activities, carries out tasks related to the maintenance of United Nations Register of Objects Launched into Outer Space and carries out the tasks of the Secretariat at COPUOS meetings.
Finland’s Statement in the 58th session of the Technical and Scientific Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space 20 April 2021